Treatment of Osteoid Osteoma of the Femur

Osteoid Osteoma An osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumour that arises from osteoblasts (cells that make bone) and was originally thought to be a smaller version of an osteoblastoma. It tend to be less than 1.5 cm in size. The tumour can be in any bone in the body but are most common in … Continue reading

Repair of Medial Meniscus Root Tear

Medial Meniscus Posterior Horn Root Tear Injury to the medial meniscus root results in loss of the ability of the knee to withstand hoop strain, resulting in contact pressure increases and kinematic alterations. In layman terms, a medial meniscus posterior horn root tear will lead to loss of the shock absorption function of the medial … Continue reading

Peroneal Longus Tendon Tear – A Cause of Lateral Ankle Pain

The Peroneal Tendons of the Ankle and Foot The peroneals are two muscles and their tendons that lie along the outside of the lower leg bone (the fibula) and cross behind the lateral malleolus (the outer ankle bone). Major muscles that support the lateral part of the ankle are the peroneus longus and the peroneus … Continue reading

Knee Pain from Osteoarthritis – Should I Go for A Total Knee Replacement?

Knee Osteoarthritis – Should I Go for a TKR (Total Knee Replacement)? Knee Osteoarthritis – It is a painful condition of the knee joint where the smooth lining (articular cartilage) of the ends of the thigh bone and shin bone forming the knee joint becomes worn out or rough. It causes stiffness, pain, swelling and … Continue reading

PVNS of the Ankle | Sudden Acute Ankle Pain

PVNS Ankle as a Cause of Sudden Acute Ankle Pain A patient consulted me for sudden acute pain in his right ankle while walking. There was no ankle sprain or injury to the right ankle. He has no history of gout. The pain got worse after 2 days and he could no longer walk properly. … Continue reading

Tear of the Rectus Femoris Direct Head – Surgical Repair

Rectus Femoris The rectus femoris muscle is one of the four quadriceps muscles that sits in the middle of the front of the thigh. The rectus femoris attaches from the pelvis to just below the knee (on the patellar tendon.) It is responsible for knee extension and hip flexion. The other muscles of the quadriceps … Continue reading

Bicompartmental Knee Makoplasty – Robotic Partial Knee Replacement

Makoplasty The procedure is performed through a four to six inch incision over the knee. Tactile, intelligent robotic arm technology and 3-D visualisation of the knee guides the surgeon in controlled resurfacing of the pre-defined knee disease, saving as much of the patient’s healthy bone and surrounding tissue as possible. Computer modeling of the patient’s … Continue reading

Improving Knee Replacement Surgery with IAssist

Zimmer iASSIST Knee – Surgical Assistance for Total Knee Replacement What is iASSIST? Zimmer iASSIST Knee is an advanced surgical guidance system designed to improve the accuracy and alignment of total knee replacement surgery. ZimmeriASSIST Knee helps to assist the surgeon in precisely aligning knee implants to each patient’s unique anatomy, providing a personalised fit and a … Continue reading

An Injury from Doing Bench Presses | Pectoralis Major Muscle Tear

A 20 year old man was doing bench presses when he felt a painful pop in his left shoulder.   He had immediate pain in his left axilla (arm pit) and could not support the 115kg weights. His coach was able to assist him when the accident happened. He was seen at the Emergency Department … Continue reading

An Injury from Doing Squats in the Gym | Vastus Lateralis Tendon Rupture

Avulsion of the Vastus Lateralis Tendon From Doing Gym Squats A rupture can in principle occur to all muscles in the thigh, however, ruptures most often happen in the anterior muscle (M quadriceps femoris) which has the function of stretching the knee and flexing the hip. The anterior thigh muscle consists of four muscles (M … Continue reading