Peroneal Longus Tendon Tear – A Cause of Lateral Ankle Pain

The Peroneal Tendons of the Ankle and Foot The peroneals are two muscles and their tendons that lie along the outside of the lower leg bone (the fibula) and cross behind the lateral malleolus (the outer ankle bone). Major muscles that support the lateral part of the ankle are the peroneus longus and the peroneus … Continue reading

5th Metatarsal Base Displaced Fracture

Avulsion Fracture of the 5th Metatarsal Styloid Fractures of the base of the fifth metatarsal are not uncommon as doctors encounter them in the emergency room and the clinic setting. Three types of fractures that occur at the base of the fifth metatarsal are tuberosity fractures, acute metaphyseal-diaphyseal fractures and stress fractures. It is important to distinguish between … Continue reading

Ingrown Toe Nail

Ingrown Toenails Onychocryptosis, also known as unguis incarnates, or ingrown toenail is a common form of nail disease. An ingrown toenail is a common condition in which the corner or side of one of your toenails grows into the soft flesh of the toe. Normal toenail growth should be vertical or outward toward the tip of … Continue reading

Cut Extensor Tendon to the Big Toe – Surgical Repair

Extensor Hallucis Longus Tendon – This is the tendon to the big toe that allows the big toe to extend. There are often patients who sustain minor lacerations to the top of the foot due to falling broken glass, knifes, or other sharp objects. The laceration may look innocuous but it may have cut through … Continue reading

Ankle Sprains – What to do it it is recurrent and unstable?

Ankle Sprains Some interesting statistics about Ankle Sprains: •1/10,000 persons/day •23,000 ankle sprains in the U.S. each day •40-45% of sports injuries are ankle injuries •85% of ankle injuries are sprains •85% of sprains are due to inversion with injury to the lateral ligaments Inversion sprains (where the foot turns inwards) are the most common … Continue reading

Adult Acquired Painful Flat Foot – Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)

Adult Acquired Painful Flat Foot Have you noticed that the medial arch of your foot is becoming flatter when you walk? You may be developing adult acquired flat foot. This condition is typically caused by a problem with a tendon on the medial side of your foot called the Posterior Tibial Tendon that is not … Continue reading

Painful Bunions – What You Can Do About Them!

What Are Bunions? A bunion is a bony lump on the side of your foot at the big toe. It forms when your big toe starts to angle towards your second toe. The bunion eventually causes discomfort and pain. The skin over the lump can become red, blistered or infected. A fluid-filled space called a … Continue reading

Heel Pain – Think of Haglund’s Syndrome (Pump Bump)

Haglund’s Syndrome as a Cause of Heel Pain A bony growth that appears at the back of the heel bone can occur. This growth is called an exostosis (a benign cartilaginous growth) and is known as Haglund’s deformity. This bony prominence can rub against the overlying Achilles tendon and causes pain in the tendon.  A … Continue reading

Platelet Rich Plasma Injection for Musculoskeletal Injuries

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy is an innovative treatment that uses the body’s own cells to relieve pain and promote accelerated, long-lasting healing of certain musculoskeletal conditions. Type of Injuries where PRP Can Help Although PRP therapy has been used safely in dentistry for over twenty years, recent advancements have revolutionized the … Continue reading

Painful Lump Over The Foot – It Could Be Bony Spurs

This is a peculiar situation that presents to my clinic from time to time. The patient complains of a painful swelling over the top of the foot. This lump feels bony and can be “unsightly”. A possible diagnosis is a ganglion.  This is a fluid-filled sac arising next to the joint or tendon sheath. However, … Continue reading